Individuals with unusually high IQs have over the ages changed society's understanding in order to reach the technological revolution that we are now witnessing today. Such people exist today as well, working to further develop physics, astronomy and mathematics.
The brilliant British physicist Stephen Hawking is definitely one of the smartest people on our planet. His work in the field of theoretical physics is revolutionary, while his book A Brief History of Time reached genius level conclusions, causing furious discussions in the field of quantum physics. Stephen Hawking's IQ is 160.
According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Kim Ung-yong is a modern-day scientist with one of the highest IQs ever recorded - 210. At the age of 2, the Korean prodigy had already mastered 4 languages, at the age of 4 he was accepted into university, while at the age of 8 he was invited by NASA to work as their associate.
The holder of the title for youngest world chess champion taught himself to read at the age of 4. That was when he also began playing his 1st chess games. He has only truly lost 1 game in his entire life - against a computer. He won his 1st title at the age of just 22, while in 2005 he retired from competitive chess. Garry Kasparov's IQ is 190.
Another master of the chessboard is Hungarian Judit Polgár. Taught according to a system developed by her father, who believed that any child can become super intelligent, she faced her 1st opponent at the age of 5 and defeated him. At 15, Polgár defeated Bobby Fischer, becoming the youngest Grandmaster of all time. Judit Polgár's IQ is 170.
When he was just 14 years old, Hirata was admitted into Caltech. At 16, NASA took him under their wing, where he still works today on projects for colonizing Mars. The impressive IQ he has reached is 225.
As far as IQ goes, Terence Tao is the greatest genius and most intelligent person living today. His IQ is 230. Tao's passion for math ignited when he was a kid watching episodes of Sesame Street.
At 8 years old he obtained the highest SAT score of 760, while at 20 he became the youngest mathematics professor at UCLA.