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How to Recognize the 4 Main Temperaments

Antonia R.Antonia R.

In the 5th century BC, Hippocrates divided human character into 4 main temperaments, which we can recognize even without complex psychological tests.

The 4 fundamental types of temperament are sanguine, choleric, melancholic and phlegmatic and each one of us belongs to one of these groups.

If the temperament of a given person can be determined, we would be able to more easily understand their behavior and actions in given situations.

The main temperaments are further divided into introverted and extroverted personalities, with the sanguine and choleric being extroverted, and the melancholic and phlegmatic - introverted.


The extroverts direct their energy outward; for them it's exceptionally important to socialize with people, while for the introverts it's exactly the opposite - they focus inward, preferring to isolate themselves.

The sanguine temperaments are cheerful, self-confident and optimistic people. Their attention can easily be grabbed but difficult to hold.

The sanguine personality is very talkative and always has a story to tell.

People of this type use distinct gestures and mimics, being distinguishable by the fact that they are interested in many and different things.

They are very loud and often forget names when meeting someone. They forget their promises, which in most cases they've given while under the influence of their emotions.

The sanguine person loves to be the center of attention, preferring to talk more than getting some work done.


In contrast, the choleric person is one of action. Choleric people are highly motivated and hard-working, who manage to get a lot of work done in a short amount of time.

They are dynamic, decisive and born leaders, who you can always count on. Choleric people are energetic, unable to sit still in one place.

A choleric type personality can easily explode and is oftentimes inconsiderate during conversation.

Choleric persons make hasty decisions. They are rough, non-tactical and strive to dominate over others.

A melancholic person is one who is focused inward. He is a highly sensitive person, who pursues his goals with diligence and consistency.


Melancholic folks are aesthetes, who value beauty in all of its forms. They always finish tasks they've begun.

Melancholic people are great listeners, who enjoy caring for their loved ones.

On the other hand, they don't possess much self-confidence and can easily be disheartened. A melancholic person can spend the entire day thinking.

Time and time again, the melancholic personality type feels an unexplainable sense of guilt, due to which they often fall into a depression.

People of this temperamental type have a hard time forging friendships and love relationships since they are insecure among others.

Phlegmatic persons are unemotional and difficult to motivate.


A phlegmatic person is diplomatic, who avoids conflicts and arguments. Persons of this type are quiet, calm and balanced.

A phlegmatic persona is a wonderful listener, patient and tolerant with their friends.

These types of people however are extremely indecisive and indifferent, preferring to avoid any task that requires for them to be responsible.

Oftentimes they hide their feelings, they are lazy and avoid people who are excessively energetic and sarcastic.